The first boxing rules developed in the 1743 circus keeper James Broughton, to prevent disputes among the spectators. According to these rules the battle began with the middle of the ring, drawn by the designated square with sides of 1 yard (91 cm) and called "scratch." After the fall of the boxer from a blow or loss of balance of his second, who was in the ring during the fight, had to help him during the break up poluminutnogo to continue the fight. Boxer loses, if he did not have time to stand up to "scratch" or if the second announced his defeat.
BOX ON IN ENGLAND
Terms of Broughton lasted almost a hundred years, during which the conditions of competition have not changed. Technique of boxing had little in common with the modern. The use of control and restrict the speed of movement of pegs on the boxing ring, because their attention was directed not only to have to defend against attacks, but also to avoid takeovers, and footrests. To do this, boxers have tried to stand up firmly, strongly bending them and moving around the ring, like fighters. In order to avoid seizure boxers holding hands were bent. But as the main means of fighting the English prize box were still being struck in all directions in the head and torso, the focus of boxers were sent to protect the waste (reminiscent of a fencer steps), beating, slopes and dives. Protection in the melee was reduced only to the conquest, and the battle turned into a fight with punches and footboards. The new rules, known as the "Rules of the London prize ring," were adopted in 1838, they limited the fighting boxers and clarify the legal aspect of competition, which had great significance for the holders of betting. In North America, professional boxing in the form first appeared in the early XIX century. Matches were held on "Rules of the London prize ring."